Mitigation Strategies and Actions

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS)

 Photo: Getting to work | Adobe Stock Photo: Getting to work | Adobe Stock

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)


Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) are the projects, policies or programmes that countries undertake to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG). This can include efforts to scale up markets for renewable energy products like solar home systems or the design of low emission transport systems.

The goal is to shift a technology, practice or sector in a country onto a low-carbon development trajectory. As the Paris Agreement includes commitments from each country, NAMAs serve as a vehicle to help advance these objectives.

The NDC Support Programme has supported the development of 60 NAMA ideas, concepts and projects. Countries have focused on the following sectors:

NAMA Sector PrioritizationNAMA Sector Prioritization


Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS)

A Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) describes how a country can transition to a sustainable development pathway that decouples economic growth from GHG emission-intensive actions.

That is, a LEDS describes forward-looking national development plans or strategies that encompass low-emission growth while helping advance national climate change and development policy planning in a more strategic manner.

Outlining the intended overall economic, energy, and emissions trajectory for a country, LEDS help to identify trigger points for policy intervention (including identifying and prioritizing NAMAs and ensuring coherence between NAMAs and national development goals). Green Growth Development Strategies, a variation of LEDS, allow countries to incorporate social development goals, including equity, governance and adaptation.

The Paris Agreement on Climate Change foresees for all countries to develop mid-century LEDS. These long-term, visionary strategies are to guide the gradual stepping up of countries’ emission reduction targets via NDCs which countries are expected to revise every five years.




Relevant Publications