Avoid future expenditures
Any measure that can prevent or reduce future investment needs by eliminating/amending existing counter-productive policies, expenditures and behaviours (e.g. taxes on sugar content or tobacco and social impact bonds).
Any measure or strategy that can enhance cost-effectiveness/efficiency, synergies and/or favour a more equitable distribution of resources (e.g. enterprise challenge funds, national climate funds, etc.).
Any existing or innovative mechanism (e.g. impact investment vehicles, environmental taxes, etc.) that can generate and/or leverage extra financial resources for sustainable development.
Any measure that can re-orient existing financial flows towards the SDGs (e.g. by eliminating energy subsidies and using the proceeds to fund renewable energy infrastructures).