About Trinidad and Tobago



Who we are

Trinidad and Tobago officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island sovereign state that is the southernmost nation in the Caribbean. It is situated 130 kilometres (81 miles) south of Grenada off the northern edge of the South American mainland, 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) off the coast of north-eastern Venezuela. It shares maritime boundaries with neighbouring caribbean islands, Barbados, Grenada, Guyana and Venezuela

History and Description

Trinidad and Tobago achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1962 and obtained membership in the Commonwealth and the United Nations that same year. It became a republic in 1976. The capital of Trinidad and Tobago is Port of Spain, located on the north-western coast of Trinidad.

§  The current population of Trinidad and Tobago is 1,370,940 as of Monday, January 8, 2018, based on the latest United Nations estimates.

§  Trinidad And Tobago population is equivalent to 0.02% of the total world population.

§  Trinidad And Tobago ranks number 153 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.

§  The population density in Trinidad and Tobago is 267 per Km2 (691 people per mi2).

§  The total land area is 5,130 Km2 (1,981 sq. miles)

§  8.2 % of the population is urban (111,617 people in 2018)

§  The median age in Trinidad and Tobago is 34.3 years. More>>

Oil and Gas

Trinidad and Tobago is one of the wealthiest countries in the Caribbean, thanks to its large reserves of oil and gas, the exploitation of which dominates its economy. The energy sector continues to be integral to the long-term economic growth and development of the country contributing significantly to Government revenue, export earnings as well as GDP. Trinidad and Tobago has been involved in the petroleum sector for over one hundred years undertaking considerable oil and gas exploration activity on land and in shallow water with cumulative production totalling over three (3) billion barrels of oil.  As such Trinidad and Tobago is recognised as the largest oil and natural gas producer in the Caribbean. The energy sector accounts for around 34.9% of the country’s GDP. According to the Central Bank, by the end of 2016, an additional 250 million cubic feet per day (mmcf/d) of natural gas is anticipated from EOG Resources from its Sercan field. Tourism and manufacturing are of great importance. 


The climate of Trinidad and Tobago is tropical, with high relative humidity. The countries close proximity to the equator enables the country to have two climate types producing two opposing seasons. These seasons are differentiated by distinct dry and wet season regimes. Temperatures vary significantly between day and night, and the climate along the coast is tempered by sea breezes. Today’s Forcast>>


Trinidad and Tobago is known for its Carnival and is the birthplace of steelpan, limbo, and the musical styles of calypso, soca and chutney. Carnival is the most significant event on the islands' cultural and tourism calendar, with numerous cultural events such as "band launch fetes" running in the lead up to the street parade on Carnival Monday and Tuesday.  Turtles and steel pan. The steeldrum (pan) is the national musical instrument of Trinidad and Tobago developed in the late 1930's. The pan is the only original non-electronic musical instrument invented in the twentieth century.

Trinidad and Tobago: turtle nesting sites of global importance.

From March to September (and sometimes as early as January), Trinidad takes on a very important role: the second largest leatherback turtle nesting site in the world is at Grande Rivière. In fact, Trinidad and Tobago are two of the world’s most important turtle nesting grounds, and not only for the endangered leatherbacks. Hawksbill, green turtles, and other species — all of which are legally protected on our shores — come up on north and east coast beaches to nest during nesting season.

What we do

UNDP in Trinidad and Tobago is guided by its country programme document for 2017-2021 and the United Nations Multi-country Sustainable Development Framework (UN MSDF), which were validated with 17 Caribbean governments and are aligned with the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) strategic plan, 2015-2019; the Samoa Pathway; and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Minister of Planning and Development of Trinidad and Tobago highlighted.

The Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago has embarked upon setting a robust and prudent development agenda to successfully navigate the country back to socio-economic prosperity. Through the adoption of a comprehensive national development planning framework, the National Development Strategy (NDS), Vision 2030, will lay the foundation and pathway for attaining developed country status by the year 2030.

The Vision 2030 NDS aims to provide a broad socio-economic development framework to the year 2030. It is intended to provide for an orderly long-term development process, inclusive of the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Trinidad and Tobago’s approach to implementation of the 2030 Global Development Agenda will begin with the unfinished business of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in the areas such as maternal mortality, containment of HIV/AIDS, and reducing the incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs).

As the country’s principal strategic planning document, it defines the priorities and overarching thrust of government policy, which is focused on achieving sustainable economic growth through greater diversification of the economy, as well as improving the social conditions and quality of life of citizens in an inclusive and environmentally sensitive manner.

UNDP Trinidad and Tobago focuses on the following key areas:

  • Poverty policies and strategies
  • Open and participatory governance
  • Citizen security and justice
  • Climate change and disaster resilience


UNDP Around the world

You are at UNDP Trinidad and Tobago 
Go to UNDP Global